With the continuous promotion and development of photovoltaic power, photovoltaic agriculture, as an emerging form of agriculture, has been widely used in agriculture, covering plantation, forestry, animal husbandry, and fisheries. Photovoltaic agriculture is an excellent way to solve the long-term predicament of modern agricultural development inChina, further develop the rural economy, improve the lives of farmers, and change the mode of agricultural production. In the long run, the development of photovoltaic agriculture is of great significance toChina's agricultural transformation.
What is photovoltaic agriculture?
To put it simply, photovoltaic agriculture is a new type of agriculture that applies light energy power generation to modern agricultural cultivation, aquaculture, irrigation, pest control, and agricultural machinery power supply.
Prospects and significance of the development of photovoltaic agriculture
1. Comprehensive environmental protection for planting and breeding
Nowadays, environmental pollution in rural areas is becoming more and more serious, and sewage is a major problem. The solar sewage water purification system is effectively used in the sewage treatment process after converting solar energy into heat energy and electric energy. In this process, there is basically no secondary pollution and energy consumption transfer.
2, can provide energy supply for planting and breeding bases
This technology integrates solar photovoltaic power generation system, photothermal system and new nano-imitation eco-transfer film technology into traditional greenhouses and on the roof of farms to achieve the effect of increasing efficiency and increasing revenue.
3. It can improve the lives of farmers and provide convenience for farmers.
Such as solar flashlights, solar horse lights, solar chargers, solar lighting insect killers and so on. These products can provide great convenience for farmers in remote, power-free and power-deficient areas.
4. Photovoltaic agriculture can also be applied to forestry production or water conservancy construction.
Where did the origin of agriculture and photovoltaics begin?
Speaking of the origin of the two, I am afraid to start from the 1970s, the first photovoltaic pump came out in 1975, but the development of photovoltaic agriculture at that time has been constrained by the high cost of photovoltaic modules, until the cost of battery components has been decreasing in recent years. Photovoltaic agriculture was able to develop rapidly.
What is the efficiency of photovoltaic agriculture?
1. In line with the state's policy of supporting new energy development, subsidies can be obtained.
Photovoltaic is an important direction for the development of new energy in the country. Relevant national ministries and commissions have successively issued a series of policies and measures to promote the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry, promote the construction of distributed photovoltaic power generation application demonstration zones and photovoltaic poverty alleviation pilot projects, and support the development of photovoltaic agriculture.
2. Meet the demand for agricultural electricity, and bring benefits to power generation.
The power generated can not only support the irrigation, temperature control, and light filling functions of greenhouse plants, but also can sell the remaining electricity to the grid company on the basis of meeting the electricity demand of the greenhouse, which can generate benefits for the investment enterprise. Good thing.
3. Alleviate the contradiction between people and land and improve land utilization.
Compared with traditional agriculture, photovoltaic agriculture has the advantage of saving land resources and maintaining the nature of land use, which can effectively reverse the contradiction caused by population increase and the reduction of cultivated land, and promote the sustainable development of social economy.
4. Flexibly create different crop growth environments.
By erecting solar panels with different light transmittances on agricultural greenhouses, it can meet the lighting needs of different crops, and can plant various high-value-added crops such as organic agricultural products and valuable seedlings, and can also achieve off-season planting and fine planting.
Some experts have calculated that if large-scale and large-scale promotion of photovoltaic agricultural products in the country, the market output value can reach 100 billion yuan, and it can reach a trillion yuan scale within five years, which is almost a fissile growth.